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        • 天花板裝修材質分析
        • 本站編輯:杭州歐宏建材有限公司發布日期:2020-01-04 21:25 瀏覽次數:
        天花的裝修材料是區分天花名稱的主要依據,主要有:輕鋼龍骨石膏板天花、石膏板天板、夾板天花、異形長條鋁扣板天花、方形鍍漆鋁扣板天花、彩繪玻璃天花等等。如用鋁扣板做的天花,我們通常叫鋁扣板天花。
         
        1、輕鋼龍骨石膏板天花
         
        石膏板是以熟石膏為主要原料摻入添加劑與纖維制成,具有質輕、熱、吸聲、不燃和可鋸性等性能。石膏板與輕鋼龍骨(由鍍鋅薄鋼壓制而成)相結合,便構成輕鋼龍骨石膏板
         
        輕鋼龍骨石膏板天花具有多種種類,包括有紙面石膏板、裝飾石膏板、纖維石膏板、空心石膏板條。市面上有多種規格。以目前來看,使用輕鋼龍骨石膏板天花作隔斷墻的多,用來作造型天花的比較少。
         
        2、方塊天花
         
        多用于商業空間,普通使用600x600規格,有明骨和暗骨之分。龍骨常用鋁或鐵。主板材可分為石膏板、硅鈣板和礦棉板三類。石膏在上款已經有說明,下面我們談談硅鈣板和礦棉板。
         
        1) 硅鈣板的全稱是纖維增強硅酸鈣板,它是由硅質材料(硅藻土、膨潤土、石英粉等)、鈣質材料、增強纖維等作為主要原料,經過制漿、成坯、蒸養、表面砂光等工序而制成的輕質板材。硅鈣板具有質輕、強度高、防潮、防腐蝕、防火,另一個顯著特點是它再加工方便,不像石膏板那樣再加工容易粉狀碎裂。
         
        2) 礦棉板由礦渣經過高溫、高壓、高速旋轉、去除雜質、洗滌成為礦棉,礦棉板主要由礦棉、粘接劑、紙漿、珍珠巖組成。礦棉板具有硅鈣板類似的特征,但吸音性能要比石膏板和硅鈣板更加優勝。
         
        3、夾板天花
         
        為現時裝修常用。夾板(也叫膠合板),是將原木經蒸煮軟化后,沿年輪切成大張薄片,通過干燥、整理、涂膠、組坯、熱壓、鋸邊而成。具有材質輕、強度高、良好的彈性和韌性、耐沖擊和振動。易加工和涂飾,緣等優點。做天花一般用5厘夾板。3厘的太薄容易起拱,9厘的太厚。其受歡迎的原因在于其能輕易地創造出各種各樣的造型天花,包括彎曲的,圓的,方的更不在話下。
        夾板天花用漆時用了一些時間可能會掉了,方法是在裝修時一定要先刷清漆(光油),干了之后才做別的工序。另一種夾板的缺點是接口處會裂開,解決方法是在裝修時用原子灰來補接口處。有關于木板的其他性能
         
        4、烤漆鋁扣板天花 鋁扣板異形材主要分為條型、方型、柵格三種。
         
        條形烤漆鋁扣板天花就一種長條型的鋁扣板,一般適用于走道等地方,在設計上有助于減弱通長的感覺。家庭裝修已大多不再用些種材料,主要是不耐臟且容易變形。
         
        方型鋁扣板分為300x300mm、600x600mm二種規格。前者適用于廚房、廁所等容易臟污的地方,而后者往往被使用于辦公室等商用場所。是目前的主流產品。方型鋁板和長條鋁扣板一樣。
         
        柵格鋁扣板適用于商業空間、陽臺及過道的裝飾。規格為100x100mm。
         
        方型鋁扣板又為微孔和無孔兩種。微孔式的鋁扣板比較主要的好處是其可通潮氣,使洗手間等高潮濕地區的濕氣通過孔隙進入頂部,避免了在板面形成水珠痕跡。
         
        選購鋁扣板,比較主要是查看其鋁質厚度。一般300x300mm的鋁扣板厚度需要0.6mm的,而600x600mm的鋁扣板需要0.8mm的,有一些不良商家喜歡通過加厚烤漆層從而增加整體厚度來欺負消費者,值得關注。
         
        鋁扣板的選購,還要小心有人用不銹鐵假冒,要驗證其是純鋁材還是不純鋁材或者不銹鐵,可以使用磁鐵來驗證,真鋁材不吸磁,而次質鋁材或假鋁材能吸磁。但這種方法也并不是一種萬全之策,因為不法商家同樣可以通過消磁的方法假冒這種特征。
         
        5、彩繪玻璃天花
         
        彩繪玻璃是以顏料直接繪于玻璃上,再燒烤完成,再利用燈光折射出彩色的美感。其多種圖案,可作內部照明。但這種材料只用于局部裝飾,否則就像基督教的教堂了。
         
        天花板的裝修,除選材外,主要是造型和尺寸比例的問題。前者應按照具體情況具體處理,而后者則須以人體工程學、美學為依例進行計算。從高度上來說,家庭裝修的內凈空高度不應少于2.5米。否則,盡量不做造型天花,而選用石膏線條框裝飾
         
        裝修若用輕鋼龍骨石膏板天花或夾板天花,在其面涂漆時。應先用石膏粉封好接縫,然后用封縫帶紙封密后再打底層、涂漆。
        天花板施工,無論是何種材料,都應記住一點:密封!以防老鼠和蟑螂在其內作窩

        The decoration material of smallpox is the main basis of distinguishing the name of smallpox, there are: Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board ceiling, gypsum board ceiling, plywood ceiling, special-shaped long aluminum buckle board ceiling, square painted aluminum buckle board ceiling, stained glass ceiling and so on. If the ceiling made of aluminum buckle plate, we usually call aluminum buckle plate ceiling. 1. Light Steel Keel plasterboard ceiling plasterboard is made of plaster of Paris as the main raw material mixed with additives and fibers, and has the properties of light weight, heat insulation, sound absorption, non-combustion and sawing. Gypsum Board and Light Steel Keel (by galvanized steel pressed into) combined to Form Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board. The common ceiling decoration material Analysis Light Steel Keel Gypsum board ceiling has many kinds, including paper gypsum board, Decorative Gypsum Board, Fiber Gypsum Board, Hollow Gypsum Board. There are many specifications on the market. At present, the use of Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board ceiling for the partition wall, used for modeling smallpox is less. 2. The square ceiling is mostly used for commercial space, the common use of 600x600 specifications, there are bright bone and dark bone. The Keel is usually made of aluminum or iron. Main board can be divided into gypsum board, silicon calcium board and mineral wool board three categories. Gypsum in the above paragraph has been described, we talk about the next calcium silicate board and mineral wool board. 1) calcium silicate board is fiber-reinforced calcium silicate board, which is made of Silica Material (diatomite, Bentonite, quartz powder, etc.) , calcium material, reinforced fiber and so on as the main raw materials, through pulping, forming, steaming and curing, surface sanding and other processes and Light Board. Calcium silicate board has light weight, high strength, moistureproof, anti-corrosion, fire-proof, another remarkable characteristic is that it is convenient to reprocess, unlike gypsum board, reprocess easily pulverous fracture. The mineral wool board by the slag through high temperature, high pressure, high speed rotation, remove impurities, washing into mineral wool, mineral wool board mainly by mineral wool, adhesive, pulp, perlite composition. Mineral Wool Board has similar characteristics of silicon-calcium board, but sound absorption performance is better than Gypsum Board and silicon-calcium board. 3, splint ceiling is commonly used for current decoration. Plywood (also known as Plywood) , is the log after cooking softening, along the ring cut into a large sheet, through drying, finishing, gelatinize, green, hot press, Sawn Edge. With light material, high strength, good flexibility and toughness, impact and vibration resistance. Easy processing and coating, insulation and other advantages. A five-centimeter splint is usually used for smallpox. 3% too thin for arching, 9% too thick. The reason it's so popular is that it's easy to create all kinds of ceiling shapes, including curved, round and square ones. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis splint ceiling paint with some time may fall, the method is in the decoration must first brush varnish (varnish) , dry before doing other processes. Another kind of splint defect is the interface will be split, the solution is to repair the interface with putty in the decoration. For additional properties of the board, refer to the lumber section. 4, paint aluminum buckle ceiling, aluminum buckle plate profile is divided into three main bar, square, grid. The strip baking paint aluminum buckle plate ceiling is one kind of long strip aluminum buckle plate, generally applies in the place and so on walkways, in the design helps to weaken the long feeling. Home Decoration has been mostly no longer with some kinds of materials, mainly not resistant to dirty and easy to deformation. Square aluminum buckle plate is divided into 300x300mm, 600x600mm two specifications. The former applies to the kitchen, toilet and other easily dirty places, and the latter is often used in offices and other commercial places. Is the current mainstream product. The square aluminum plate is the same as the strip aluminum buckle plate. The common ceiling decoration material analysis grid aluminum buckle plate is suitable for commercial space, balcony and aisle decoration. Size 100x100mm. Square aluminum buckle plate for micro-hole and non-hole two. The main advantage of the micro-hole type aluminum buckle plate is that it can pass moisture, so that the high humid areas such as the toilet through the pores into the top, to avoid the formation of bead marks on the plate surface. Choose to buy aluminum buckle plate, the most important is to see its aluminum thickness. Generally 300x300mm aluminum gusset plate thickness needs 0.6 mm, and 600x600mm aluminum gusset plate needs 0.8 mm, there are some bad businessmen like to increase the overall thickness of paint layer to bully consumers, it is worth paying attention to. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis aluminum buckle plate purchase, but also beware of someone with stainless steel fake, to verify that it is pure aluminum or impure aluminum or stainless iron, you can use magnets to verify, true aluminum does not absorb magnetism, and secondary aluminum or fake aluminum can absorb magnetism. But this method is not a foolproof solution, because illegal businesses can also pass off the method of degaussing this feature. 5, stained glass ceiling stained glass is directly painted with paint on the glass, and then complete the barbecue, and then use the light refraction color aesthetic. Its various patterns can be used for internal lighting. But this material is only used for partial decoration, otherwise it would be like a Christian church. Ceiling decoration, in addition to material selection, the main shape and size of the problem. The former should be dealt with according to the specific situation, while the latter should be calculated according to the Ergonomics and aesthetics. From the height, the height of the interior headroom of the family decoration should not be less than 2.5 meters. Otherwise, do not do modelling smallpox as far as possible, and choose Gesso line frame adornment. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis decoration if using Light Steel Keel Gypsum board ceiling or splint ceiling, in its surface paint. The joint should be sealed with gypsum powder, and then sealed with sealing tape paper before the bottom layer, paint. Ceiling construction, no matter what kind of material, should remember one thing: Sealing! To keep rats and cockroaches out of their nests
         
        六月丁香停停